What Causes Heel Pain, Treatment and Care
Heel pain is in most cases caused by plantar fasciitis, heel pain is sometimes referred to as heel spur syndrome particularly when there is a spur, it is worth noting that heel pain can also be caused by a fracture, tendon problems, arthritis disease, or in rare situations by a cyst. Because there a numerous possible reasons one experience pain on the heel, it is a good thing to look for a reputable and experienced ankle surgeon to properly examine you for proper diagnoses, a good ankle surgeon can identify all possibilities and determine the source of your heel pain. A significant number of people have no idea what plantar fasciitis is, in simple term, it is swelling of the plantar fascia that connects heel to toes, the heel pain starts when fascia is irritated and become inflamed which in turn cause a sharp stabbing pain emanating from the heel. This article provides you with some insights regarding causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and available non-surgical treatment of plantar fasciitis.
Faulty foot structure is the principle cause of plantar fasciitis, this common to people with flat feet, or unusual high-arched feet, or have problems with their arches when you wear non-supportive shoes on hard flat surfaces it put excessive pressure on the plantar fascia increasing possibilities of developing plantar fasciitis, this is witnessed in people whose task demands extended hours on the feet, and overweight people also expose an individual to pain on the heel.
Some of major signs of heel pain are pain that originates from the bottom of the heel, and at the arch of the foot, the pain worsens on standing and over a given period, people with plantar fasciitis describes that they experience sharp stabbing pain when they arise after sitting for a significant amount hours, but a short walk relieves the pain as walk stretches plantar fascia.
The foot and ankle surgeon will obtain your medical history and physically examine your foot before arising to the final diagnosis, before you are diagnosed with plantar fasciitis, the ankle surgeon will rule out all other possible cause of heel pain, to distinguish different types of heel pain, the ankle surgeon may use diagnostic imaging such as x-rays or other imaging techniques, there are times heel spurs are found in a patient with plantar fasciitis although this is a rare thing when a spur is present this is referred as plantar fasciitis or heel spur syndrome.
Non-surgical treatment of plantar fasciitis include stretching exercises especially those that target the calf muscles, stretching these muscles relieves the pain and fasten recovery time, avoiding walking barefoot is another strategy to prevent or manage plantar fasciitis, when you walk barefoot you put plantar fascia on unnecessary pressure, icing is another non-surgical treatment of plantar fasciitis, 20 minutes of icing few times a day minimizes inflammation that causes the pain, it is also important to limit your physical activities, wear supportive shoes especially those with good arch support, you can use medications such as oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).